When dry skin is evident around your mouth, it could be more than just xerosis, or having naturally dry skin. If dry skin only appears around the oral area, it can be an indication of a skin condition called eczema, or dermatitis.
Although physicians have long been aware of the existence of this disease, nobody really knows what causes eczema. Nevertheless, studies have already proven that eczema, more often than not, affects the facial area; this, of course, includes the mouth. When you have eczema, you’ll notice that besides having dry skin, the affected areas also appear red or swollen. These areas are also particularly sensitive and most times, itchy. In the worst cases, the skin affected can chap, crack or even bleed.
Another disease that could cause dry skin to appear around your mouth is seborrheic dermatitis, a kind of eczema. This type of dermatitis occurs when the skin is especially rich in sebum or oil. It may sound contradictory that excessive oil leads to dry skin. However, medical experts have already established this connection.
A person can suffer from seborrheic dermatitis because of the existence of malassezia, a type of yeast, on the skin. While a lot of people are not bothered by its presence, some individuals may develop skin problems because of it. Such irritation happens due to sudden or extreme changes in weather, increased stress levels or excessive scratching.
Another type of dermatitis, contact dermatitis, is caused by an irritant or allergen. When the skin comes into contact with said irritant or allergen, it becomes particularly sensitive. Naturally, the best way to treat contact dermatitis is to find out what caused it. By correctly identify the allergen, the sufferer can avoid future contact with it.