We often receive questions regarding skincare, specifically anti-aging products. Before you decide to go out there and fill your entire bathroom with every skin care product you can find, become familiar with some basics about the skin structure and the different factors that can accelerate aging.
The skin structure comprises of three main layers – epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous, but the one that will be highlighted is the epidermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer, which contains the stratum corneum. There are no nerves or blood vessels at this layer. Most of the cells in this layer are keratinocytes. These cells originate from the deepest layer of the epidermis. The keratinocytes will migrate from the lower layers to the surface. Once they reach the surface, they will slough. As a young adult, this turnover time is approximately 30 days. As one approaches 60 years old, this turnover process takes approximately 50 days. One of the primary goals in anti-aging is to promote the turnover of those cells at a faster rate.
There are many factors that can accelerate aging, can you relate with any of the following?
Environmental Exposures – pesticides, pollution in the air and water, smoking
Poor Diet – Dehydration and a diet high in refined sugars
UV Exposure – cause inflammation and damage collagen
Harsh Skincare Products – may contribute to irritation, redness, dryness
Hormonal Imbalances – Changes in estrogen levels can affect skin elasticity and collagen production
Lack of Sleep
What are some things you can do now to help improve the quality of your skin? Wearing a daily SPF on your face and other areas of exposed skin is going to help prevent any other sun damage. Be sure to get enough sleep each night. When you are tired, your skin will look dull, a good night’s rest lets your skin have time to rejuvenate itself. This is also a great time to apply any products that will make you sensitive to the sun. Drink plenty of water. This will help hydrate your skin and drink back a more youthful appearance.
Although some of these factors may be inevitable, you may still be proactive in helping to decrease the signs of aging. Pharmacists are great resources to use when you need to talk about all of your anti-aging concerns. They are trained in understanding anti-aging therapies and enjoy talking with patients about their skin care needs.