Many people who once suffered from severe acne still carry scars from the experience. Eighty percent of people in their teens and twenties will get acne at some point. However, not all of them will be scarred. Those who do see lasting effects from acne flareups have a number of options for treatments. Ranging from topical creams to reduce scarring to surgical procedures in sever cases, there are many different things you can do to combat acne scars. However, prevention, as always, is the best medicine.
To prevent lesions that will cause scarring, you need to find out how to reduce the incidence of breakouts. Making sure that you have an effective skin care regimen is one important method for acne prevention. Use an antibacterial soap to clean your face on a daily basis. Be sure not to over wash, or you could make the problem worse. Avoid using heavy lotion or oily makeup on areas of your body that are broken to breaking out.
Acne scars are placed into several different categories. Different treatments are effective for different types of acne. For instance, ice pick acne scars, which are narrow, sharp scars that make the skin look like it's punctured, are deep and very difficult to treat. Boxcar scars, oval or round depressions, are less deep and may be able to be alleviated by careful treatment. Rolling scars are located below the surface of the skin. This means that no conventional treatment will work on them, and it is necessary to break up the fibrous tissue below the skin's surface to remove them.
Often, different kinds of treatments for acne scars are combined to give the best results. Here are some of the things that can be done to treat acne scars and improve one's appearance:
-Dermal fillers are injected into scars to smooth the skin. Dermal fillers may include human collagen, collagen derived from cattle, and fat. These are not a permanent fix, which means that the procedure must be done repeatedly as the effects wear off.
-Punch excision is a process used to treat deep scarring, such as ice pick scars and boxcar scars. A tool is used to remove the scarred area entirely, then the skin is sutured back together. The scar left by punch excision is less noticeable than the acne scar. This process may also be combined with skin grafting. Instead of suturing the skin, a graft from another area, such as behind the ear, is applied. Skin grafting leaves differences in color and texture, but these can be corrected after the graft has healed.
-Another procedure, punch elevation, removes the scar with a punch tool, and then involves elevating the lower layers of skin and securing it via sutures. This is effective on deep boxcar scars. This method leaves fewer scars than punch excursion, and decreases the risk of texture and color variation.
-Subcutaneous incision is the method used to break up bands benefit the skin, such as those caused by rolling scars.
-Laser resurfacing is another common treatment for acne scars. It works by burning off the upper layers, allowing new skin to grow. This is most effective on light, surface scarring.
Avoiding acne scars in the first place through prevention is the best way of dealing with them. However, this is not always possible. If you suffer from acne scars, consult with your doctor. He or she will then be able to refer you to a dermatologist who can help you decide on your treatment options. It's vital to choose the most effective and affordable method you can.
Remember that you can combine several different treatment options for a better effect. Combining two complimentary procedures, like punch elevation and laser resurfacing, will probably give the best result. When you consider treatment for your acne scarring, be sure to consult a professional with good credentials. Do not be fooled by over the counter treatments that claim to remove acne scars. They are temporary at best. A professional is the only place you can go if you'd like to have a permanent solution.