Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus – Symptoms, Treatment and Management

"Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that results in destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas." Ok, now that the terminology is out of the way, lets take a look at this killer disease.

What are some of the symptoms?

Type 1 diabetes has some of the same symptoms as type 2 diabetes. That is why it is sometimes confused with type 2. They are:

* Increased thirst
* Frequent urination
* Increase hunger
* Blurred vision
* Tiredness / fatigue
* Weight loss

So what is the difference between type 1 and type 2? With type 1 diabetes mellitus, little or no insulin is produced by the pancreas (hormone needed for converting sugar to energy.) The only way to replace it is by insulin injections.

With Type 2 diabetes, the body either resists insulin or does not produce enough to convert sugar to energy.

How do you test for type 1 diabetes?

Doctors test for type 1 diabetes using the C-peptide assay (this measures your body's production of insulin.)

How do you treat type 1 diabetes mellitus?

Treatment includes not only insulin injections and monitoring your blood sugar, but eating right and regular exercise. Pancreas transplant is the only known potential cure for those with type 1 diabetes.

How can I manage my diabetes?

* Schedule a physical year
* Keep an eye on your feet for sores / infections
* Schedule regular eye exams
* Keep your blood pressure down
* Keep your teeth healthy. Brush at least twice a day
* Keep your immunizations up-to-date (such as flu shot)
* Keep your cholesterol low

Type 1 diabetes mellitus most often starts in early childhood (other known as "Juvenile diabetes.") But actually it can develop at any age, even in adulthood.

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