Hemophilia is a disorder of the blood clotting system. There are several types of hemophilia, all of which can cause prolonged bleeding. While small cuts are usually insignificant, deep internal bleeding and bleeding into joints are issues of concern and may cause a threat to life. Hemophilia A is caused by lack of clotting factor VIII; Hemophilia B is caused by lack of clotting factor IX; and Hemophilia C is caused by a lack of clotting factor XI. This condition is usually transmitted genetically.
Patients with moderate to severe hemophilia usually require periodical infusion of clotting factors. Ayurvedic treatment can be given as additional therapy in this condition to reduce the bleeding tendency, to reduce the frequency of required infusions and to reduce or prevent complications. Medicines useful in this condition are: Arogya-Vardhini, Mahamanjishthadi-Qadha, Sutshekhar-Ras, Kamdudha-Ras and Praval-Panchamrut-Ras.
Medicines which act on the ‘Ras’ and ‘Rakta’ dhatus (tissues) of the body are useful in this condition. These medicines include Indrayav (Holharrhina antidysentrica), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Patha ( Cissampelos pareira) and Musta (Cyperus rotundus). These medicines need to be given on a very long term basis. In addition, the Ayurvedic herb Bilva (Aegle marmelos) is also given on a very long term basis. These medicines usually help to prevent internal bleeding and the resulting long term damage to joints. Medicines like Naagkeshar (Messua ferrea), Vasa (Adhatoda vasaka), Chandan (Santalum album), Laksha (Purified wax), Padma (Nelumbium speciosum), Tapyadi-Loh, Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Abhrak-Bhasma and Heerak-Bhasma are also given in this condition.
Since this is an inherited condition, life long life-style changes need to be made. It is important to avoid contact sports such as football, hockey and wrestling. Medicines like aspirin, which can aggravate bleeding, are also to be avoided. All such patients should be under the regular care and supervision of a Hematologist.