Many people are concerned about the quality of the water that they drink and so they should be. There have not been any so many negative reports about the state of the liquid we drink and what it contains. There are so many choices of water treatment systems available, that it can become quite confusing for most consumers.
There are a few systems in use and one of them is the use of disinfection. It kills most of the harmful bacteria and viruses and worms which can be the cause of acute illnesses. Some of the disinfecting methods in use are pasteurization, chlorination, boiling and ultraviolet radiation.
Filtration systems are a simple and very effective method of controlling a variety of known contaminants. These systems include carbon filters, neutralizing filters, mechanical filters and oxidizing filters. The filtration system is designed to be used on drinkable sources only. Mechanical filters generally remove suspended materials from the source. This includes silt, clay, sand and any organic matter. Activated carbon filters will absorb the impurities that pass through the carbon cartridge. They eliminate odors and tastes as well as organic compounds. They also remove residual chlorine. Chemical, micro-organisms and metals are typically not removed by these filters. Oxidizing filters will remove manganese, iron and hydrogen sulfide. A special filter that is used will cause dissolved manganese and iron to form particles which the filter will trap. Neutralizing filters are used for the treatment of acidic water. It filters the liquid by passing it through limestone chips or any other agent used for neutralizing.
Reverse osmosis is another of the common treatment systems and is the process wherey pressure movements the impure source through a membrane and thus removes a lot of the impurities present. The pressure of the source as well as the quality of the membrane will determine how effective it is in separating the contaminants.
Distillation is the process of heating liquid until it turns to vapor. The minerals and the bacteria remain behind as soon as the steam is recondensed into something pure.
Ion exchange or softeners will soften the hardness and this will be accomplished by means of the removal of the minerals which cause the hardness. It is hardened by the excess of calcium and magnesium that is present in it.
When considering water treatment systems, consider having your system evaluated in order for you to determine which system will work best for you.