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What You Always Wanted To Know About Different Types Of Coffee

There are many types of coffee. Some are very well known and some are not so common. Moreover different coffee shops may prepare a drink with the same name in a bit different manner. In order not to be confused in the world of coffee here is a little glossary of the most common types. It may be helpful during decision process at a coffee shop and will give you an idea what can you expect when you order particular type of coffee.

  • Americano – espresso brewed with a double amount of hot water. In taste it’s similar to filtered coffee. Due to hot water added to dilute the portion of the brew it’s milder in flavor.
  • Cafe au lait / caffe latte – strong coffee (or sometimes espresso) mixed with scalded milk.
  • Caffe crema – an old name for espresso. It was coined in 1948 by Italian company Gaggia to describe the light brown foam (crema) on espresso.
  • Caffe macchiato – coffee drink made out of espresso with a small amount of milk. Macchiato means “marked” or “stained”, so the amount of milk should be really small – usually about a teaspoon. This drink is often confused with latte macchiato.
  • Latte macchiato – a drink based on a steamed milk with addition of a single shot of espresso. In contrast to caffe macchiato this time white milk is “stained” with black coffee.
  • Cappuccino – coffee drink topped with foamed milk. Bottom third of a cup is espresso, after that goes the same amount of hot milk. Top third is a firm milk froth prepared a minute earlier. The foam is often sprinkled with a shaved chocolate, cinnamon or other spices, sometimes in an artistic form.
  • Espresso – base for many coffee drinks. Prepared by forcing hot water under high pressure through finely ground coffee. One espresso shot is 30 ml of beverage.
  • Espresso doppio – double shot of espresso. Results in 60 ml of beverage.
  • Espresso cafe mocha – it’s like a caffee latte but with an added portion of chocolate of cocoa powder. Worth mentioning it’s an American invention. Term ‘cafe mocha’ is not used neither in Italy nor in France.
  • Espresso con panna – it’s “coffee with cream” in Italian. Single or double shot of espresso with whipped cream on top.

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